Chandrayaan 1 findings suggested the presence of water in the South Polar Region of the Moon. The Chandrayaan 2 mission is a rover-based mission, which is set to make a soft-landing in the South Polar Region of the Moon to take further ISRO’s earlier findings. India will be the first country to land in a region far from the equator of the Moon and might create history with this achievement.
Chandrayaan 2, India’s second mission to moon, was launched on July 22, a week after the first attempt was aborted due to technical problem. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully carried out the fourth of the five planned orbit-raising manoeuvre of Chandryaan-2 in the Earth’s orbit on 2 August afternoons.
The Indian space agency on Tuesday (6th august) successfully raised Chandrayaan-2’s orbit for fifth time at 3:04pm. According to ISRO, the orbit of Chandrayaan-2 was raised to an orbit of 276×142975 km by firing the spacecraft’s onboard motors for 1,041 seconds. ISRO said in a statement “All spacecraft parameters are normal”.
The next manoeuvre is Trans Lunar Insertion (TLI), which is planned for 14 August, 2019, between 3-4am.
The spacecraft comprises three segments – the Orbiter (weighing 2,379kg, eight payloads), the lander ‘Vikram’ (1,471kg, four payloads) and rover ‘Pragyan’ (27kg, two payloads).
The ISRO said the trans-lunar insertion of Chandrayaan-2, which will send it to the moon, is scheduled on August 14. After that, the Chandrayaan-2 is scheduled to reach the Moon by August 20. Chandrayaan 2, after its placement in the lunar orbit, will detach its landing module Vikram, which will land on the Earth’s sole satellite on September 7.